THE SPIRIT AGAINST THE FLESH
Paul said: “the works of the flesh are manifest”, which means, “evident, permanent, or known”.
The works we must do, must be done for the glory of God (Mat. 5:16).
We must avoid the works of the world (Jn. 7:7).
Fornication (porneia): illicit sexual relation 1. Cor. 6:18
Uncleanness (akatharsia): A life filled with the impure motives. St. 1:21
Lasciviousness (aselgeia): uncontrolled passions, excessive desires. Ro. 1:27; Ef. 4:19.
Hatred (echthra): hostility
Variance (eris): contentions, Pr. 25:8
Emulations (zelos): Suspicion or anxiety to the possibility that a loved one will love someone else instead. Emulations and contention. St. 3:16
Wrath (thumos): anger, St.1:20; Pr. 19:19.
Strife (dichostasia): division – Rom. 16:17-18
Heresies (hairesis) It means: election or a group of believers. It’s a school of thought. 1 Pet. 2:1
Envying (phthonos): Angered sadness or disgust for the wellness of a fellow or for the love and care that others enjoy. Pr. 14:30
Murders (phonos): 1 Jn. 3:15
Drunkenness (methes): intoxication
Revelings: A feast in which people eat and drink immoderately and other excesses are committed. 2. Vicious satisfaction of appetites or uncontrolled lusts.
“And such like”. This expression shows that the list Paul mentions is not the totality of all the works of the flesh.
He who practices things like these, is the one who becomes a slave to sin. Ro. 6:12-13.
The fruit of the Spirit
The flesh is about “works”, but the Spirit produces “fruit”. The christian character is produced by the Holy Spirit, not by the effort of the believer (Jn. 15:1-5; Gá. 2:20).
Love – ἀγάπη= agapē 1 Jn. 4:7-10
Joy– χαρά= chara; calmed delight, gladness. Ro. 14:17.
Peace – εἰρήνη= eirēnē ; prosperity, quietness, rest. Col 3:15
Longsuffering– μακροθυμία= makrothumia; patience. Col. 1:11
Gentleness – χρηστότης= chrēstotēs; moral excellence. Col. 3:12
Goodness – ἀγαθωσύνη= agathōsunē ; virtue. Ef. 5:9
Faith – πίστις= pistis. 2 Te 1:3
Meekness -πρᾳότης= praotēs; humility. Tit. 3:1-2
Temperance -ἐγκράτεια= egkrateia; self control, continence. 2 Tim. 1:7; Pr. 16:32